Methamphetamine is a stimulant, commonly available in three different forms known as speed, base and ice.
The immediate and long-term effects of all types of methamphetamine are the same. However, because ice is a more potent or purer form of methamphetamine, the effects and side-effects are more likely to occur with greater intensity.
The short-term effects of methamphetamine include:
- Increased energy
- A sense of euphoria and wellbeing
- Increased attention and alertness
- Increased talkativeness
- Increased heart rate, breathing and body temperature
- Decreased appetite
- Jaw clenching and teeth grinding
- Nausea and vomiting
- A dry mouth
- Changes in libido
- Nervousness, anxiety and paranoia
Long-term effects may include:
- Agitation or aggression
- Decreased motivation
- Depression and anxiety
- Poor concentration and memory
- Psychotic symptoms such as paranoia and hallucinations
- Disturbed sleep
- Weight loss
- Chest pains
People who inject methamphetamine may experience problems related to injection such as collapsed veins, abscesses and the spread of blood-borne viruses like hepatitis B and C or HIV, while those who snort may suffer from nasal irritation.
For advice, support, referral and counselling for people concerned about stimulants or for information on the Stimulant Treatment Program, call the ADIS Stimulant Treatment Line on 1800 101 188 or (02) 9361 8088.